Dielectric And Impedance Spectroscopic Studies Of Multiferroic BiFe1-xNixO3 Ceramics
M. R. Biswal, J. Nanda, N. C. Mishra, S. Anwar, and A. Mishra
Keywords: Ceramics; microstructure; dielectric response; complex impedance spectroscopy.
Multiferroic bismuth ferrites (BFO) and Ni substituted bismuth ferrites (BFNO) were synthesized by standard solid state reaction route. The structural and microstructural studies were carried out. The effect of Ni substitution on dielectric constant and dielectric loss of the samples was studied in a wide range of frequency (100 Hz- 1 MHz) and temperature (27 oC – 420 oC). It has been observed that the dielectric constant increases with increase in Ni doping concentration and attained a maximum value for BFNO(x = 0.075) sample while the dielectric loss has been found to decrease with the doping concentration. This implies a reduction in the conductivity and hence improved the dielectric properties of Ni doped BFO. The anomalous peaks in temperature dependent dielectric studies indicate the increase in antiferromagnetic ordering temperature and possible existence of spin glass states upon Ni substitution in place of Fe. The complex impedance spectroscopic analysis suggests purely the intrinsic nature of the dielectric anomalies. Temperature dependent non-Debye type of dielectric relaxation has also been observed. The Nyquist plots show the negative temperature coefficient of resistance behavior of these compounds. Further it would be interesting to study their magnetic and magnetoelectric properties with the aim of identifying new multifunctional device applications.