Investigations On Sputter Deposited LiCoO2 Thin Films From Powder Target
Yellareswara Rao Kosuri, Tirupathi Rao Penki, Munichandriah Nookala, Per Morgen, Mohan Rao Gowravaram
Volume 4, Issue 8, Page 615-620, Year 2013, Current Issue | DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2012.12479
Keywords: Powder target; rf sputtering; thin film cathodes; LiCoO2 thin films.
LiCoO2 thin films used as cathode layers in thin-film solid-state batteries have been deposited from LiCoO2 powder target using radio frequency (rf) magnetron sputtering in a cost effective approach in terms of material consumption and processing time. X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies of the films after post deposition annealing treatment revealed (104) orientation, which is the characteristic of rf sputtered LiCoO2 films. Raman spectroscopy was used to identify the different modes of vibration of atoms in the film. The surface morphology and cross-section of the samples were characterized using field emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The chemical analysis of LiCoO2 thin films was examined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) showed atomic ratio of Li/Co as 0.9 which is close to the ideal value 1. Electrochemical characterization such as charge – discharge and cyclic voltammetry were conducted for LiCoO2 films deposited on platinized silicon substrates in the potential range 3.0 to 4.2 V vs Li/Li+. The maximum discharge capacity of 64 µAh.µm-1. cm-2 and 52 µAh. µm-1.cm-2 were achieved when discharged at a current of 5 µA and 50 µA for the first discharge cycle respectively. Moreover the electrochemical investigations of LiCoO2 thin films on flexible copper substrates also investigated and achieved an initial discharge capacity of 83 mAh/g. The possible reasons for degradation in the electrochemical properties have been discussed. The present work indicates suitability of sputtering from powder targets for thin film battery fabrication. Copyright © 2013 VBRI press.