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Fabrication Of Electro-chemical Humidity Sensor Based On Zinc Oxide/polyaniline Nanocomposite

S. K. Shukla, Vamakshi, Minakshi, Anand Bharadavaja, Aparna Shekhar and Ashutosh Tiwari

Volume 3, Issue 5, Page 421-425, Year 2012, Current Issue | DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2012.5349

Keywords: ZnO/PANi nanocomposite; electrical properties; conduction mechanism; humidity sensing.

Abstract: 

The present work reports the synthesis of nano size zinc oxide encapsulated polyanaline by wet-chemical method at ambient condition. The prepared composite was characterized by XRD, SEM, TGA and UV-Vis spectroscopy. The results revealed the formation of the crystalline homogenous  ZnO centered composite with electrical conductance in the range of 10-2 scm-1 and  thermal stability up to 280 0C. Further, electrical resistance of a ZnO/PANi film of ~200 nm thickness was monitored against humidity to use as humidity sensitive element. The observed sensing parameters were response time, 32 sec; and recovery time, 45 sec; sensor has exhibited better sensing characteristics than pure PANi and other reported humidity sensors. Copyright © 2012 VBRI Press.

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