Structural, Dielectric And Conductivity Properties Of Ba2+ doped (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 ceramic
Meera Rawat, K. L. Yadav, Amit Kumar, Piyush Kumar Patel, Nidhi Adhlakha, Jyoti Rani
Volume 3, Issue 4, Page 286-292 | DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2012.2322
Keywords: Ceramics; X-ray diffraction; grain size; complex impedance spectroscopy; NTCR behavior.
Polycrystalline (Bi0.5Na0.5)1-xBaxTiO3 [here after BNBT], x = 0, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08, and 0.1 ceramics have been synthesized by conventional solid state reaction process and were characterized by X-ray diffraction technique, which indicates that on substitution of Ba2+ in Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3 (BNT) ceramic there is splitting of the (2 0 0) peak for x ≥ 0.06. This splitting in the peak position reveals that the composition BNBT-0.06 is well in Morphotropic Phase Boundary (MPB) region where rhombohedral and tetragonal phase co-exist. Scanning electron micrograph shows decrease in grain size from 0.66 to 0.53 μm with increasing concentration of Ba2+; and the dielectric constant of Ba2+ doped BNT ceramics increased with decreasing grain sizes and a maximum value was attained at size of 0.54 ~ 0.56 μm. Doped BNT ceramic also exhibit diffuse phase transition and are characterised by a strong temperature and frequency dispersion of the permittivity which would be connected with the cation disorder in A-site of perovskite unit cell. Complex impedance spectroscopy is used to analyze the electrical behaviour of BNBT, which indicates the presence of grain effect and the composition exhibits Negative Temperature coefficient of resistance (NTCR) behaviour. The compounds exhibit Arrhenius type of electrical conductivity and the presence of non-Debye type of relaxation has been confirmed from impedance analysis. Copyright © 2012 VBRI Press.